Divinely-Inspired Composers of Music (Music and the Soul, capp. 8-14)





p. 101 Hindu & African drumming

"at certain feasts {festivals} in India where drums are played, some people "instantly enter into ecstasy" and are capable of miraculous feats." (Khan 1996, p. 76)

"Perhaps the most highly developed music that targets the intoxicating entrainment ... is African drumming. ... .

... Djabote [EMI/Virgin 8394702] by Senegalese master drummer and composer Doudou N'Diaye Rose (b. 1928) ... is entrancing".

Khan 1996 = Hazrat Inayat Khan : The Mysticism of Sound and Music. revised edn. Boston : Shambhala.

Rose's Djabote https://play.spotify.com/album/1Uh8Bz1K7bWm0ZywmskpFv

p. 102 Hawai>ian percussion

"Ku-Ka-Ilimoku by American composer Christopher Rouse (b. 1949) ... for percussion ensemble is named after the Hawaiian war god."

Ku-Ka-Ilimoku https://play.spotify.com/album/50B7d9SUZKgwXvFl97dcAh/2J246iF3PKvxwwrxH8GBZp





p. 108 Bodish "singing bowls"

"singing bowls (bronze or crystal bowls coaxed into vibration by gentle rubbing with a wooden stick) ... . The buildup of tones (sonority) is eerily beautiful and largely arrhythmic."

p. 111 Ambient by Eno

"Brian Eno (b. 1948), a pioneer of ambiant music, targets ... in his 1978 album Ambiant I : Music for Airports ... exposure to ... relaxation."

pp. 112-3 "Venusberg" by Wagner; "Venus" by Holst

p. 112

"In classical music, an example of ... pleasure appears in the symphonic excerpt from Wagner's Tannha:user, sometimes called ... Venusberg Music ... of the opera's opening : the

p. 113

lush, erotic garden of Venus, concealed within a mountain called the Venusberg."

""Venus, the Bringer of Peace," from The Planets by Gustav Holst, is another example of ... pleasure. ... But the harmonies are lush and impressionistic".


p. 116 Bole'ro by Ravel

"Bole'ro by Maurice Ravel. ... The movement from pleasure to intoxication commences whe Ravel begins to harmonize the melody ... . ... When the key suddenly and unexpectedly changes ..., Bole'ro has clearly achieved the intoxication ... . ... Ravel is reputed, by fellow composer Arthut Honegger (1892-1955), to have said [Nichols 1988, p.

50] : "I've written only one masterpiece -- Bole'ro. Unfortunately, there's no music in it.""

Nichols 1988 = Roger Nichols : Ravel Remembered. NY : Norton.

Ravel's Bole`ro https://play.spotify.com/artist/17hR0sYHpx7VYTMRfFUOmY





pp. 124-5 "Ritual of the Ancestors" by Stravinsky; Threnody by Penderecki

p. 124

"An example of the tension ... occurs in Stravinsky's ballet The Rite of Spring, which portrays pagan rites in ancient Russia, in the section called "Action rituelle des ance^tres" ("Ritual of the Ancestors")."

"Threnody ..., by the avant-garde Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki (b. 1933) targets ... tension and ... agitation exclusively ... . ...

p. 125

I had one of my few unpleasant TMEs when I first heard Threnody ... . ... I left ... in horrified shock".

Stravinsky's Rite of Spring https://play.spotify.com/album/3g0ocDrNQJvg88MFgwomG2/00qDKO4tHMKP5bdtt2ZmxZ

pp. 126-7 "Mars" by Holst

p. 126

""Mars, the Bringer of War" from Holst's The Planets. ... But the harmony is harsher ... . ...

p. 127

This is Holst's procedure ... : to keep the tension ... going -- ... creating a sense of brooding menace or impending threat."






p. 132 opera

"encounters with fate abound in opera -- for example, Carmen by Georges Bizet (1838-1875)."

"The lesson ... is that love can be ... more powerful than fate. Many romantic movies and musicals have this theme, as well as certain operas -- for example, Wagner's The Flying Dutchman".

http://www.last.fm/music/Richard+Wagner/Opera+Explained:+WAGNER,+R.+-+The+Flying+Dutchman+(Timson) & http://www.last.fm/music/Richard+Wagner/Der+fliegende+Hollander+(The+Flying+Dutchman)

p. 133 Rachmaninoff

"Khan spoke [1996, p. 100] of ... how listening to music can heat ... up and bring ... to life again. I've often experienced this heating and opening ... . ...

This effect ... is especially noticeable in several famous pieces by ... Russian composer Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1973)".

music by Sergei Rachmaninoff https://play.spotify.com/album/4yx4ur453zZkfC7ORQPc9o

p. 136 jazz & pop

"The majority of jazz standards that deal with love target the yearning ... . ...

Just as with jazz standards, the repertoire of pop songs that deal with yearning for love is huge."

p. 136 "Jupiter" by Holst

"The middle section of "Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity," from Holst's The Planets, also targets the yearning ... . Its expansive ... melody ... makes it bittersweet, the hallmark of ... balance between pathos and elation."


p. 139 Symphonie Fantastique by Berlioz

"Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique ... consists of musical realizations of ... dreams about the composer's beloved. ... Throughout the symphony, a recurrent theme ..., an obsessional melodic idea, is ... the bittersweet yearning".





pp. 150-1 dance music

p. 150

"Slow dances, such as the la:ndler of Schubert (a slower ancestor of the waltz), mentioned in chapter 4, often express ... contentment. So does reggae, for example, ... by Bob Marley (1945-1981), ... his 1976 album Rastaman Vibration [Island Records 548897]."

p. 151

"The third movement of Mozart's famous Eine kleine Nachtmusik (Serenade in G Major, K. 525), called Menuette, targets ... mellow, relaxed sense of well-being ... of a slow dance."

Marley's Rastaman Vibration https://play.spotify.com/album/6Gdf5vvFmoEwcsEV61tXiT

pp. 154-6 manic & bravura music

p. 154

""No Time This Time" by the Police, from their 1979 album Regatta de Blanc [A&M 3312] ... illustrates ... a manic ... lifestyle, one in which there's no time to do what one wants to do."

p. 155

"The manic improvisation ... often targets the ... crisis point. Parts of John Coltrane's 1965 free jazz piece Ascension exemplify such music. [The Major Works of John Coltrane (Impulse 2113)] ... Joachim-Ernst Berendt has said [1992, pp. 118-9] that Ascension "is ... an ascension into heaven ..., taking in ... the divine ..., the whole cosmos." He hears Ascension as [ibid., p. 117] "hymn-like, ecstatic music of the intensity of a forty-minute orgasm." ... I hear the spiritual intentions behind Ascension ..., which are sublime."

p. 156

"Some of the great nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century piano and violin virtuosi were {productive} of ... improvised cadenzas in concertos. ... These same virtuosi sometimes composed bravura pieces ... . Such music can also be ... manic ... -- for example, the fifth, tenth, and sixteenth of the Twenty-Four Caprices ... by Italian violin virtuoso Niccolo` Paganini (1782-1840).

Bravura pieces ... can be not only impressive, but also clever and entertaining -- for example, Chopin's "Minute Waltz" (Waltz in D-flat Major, Op. 64, No. 1)."

Berendt 1992 = Joachim-Ernst Berendt (revised by Gu:nther Huesmann) : The Jazz Book. 6th edn. Brooklyn : Lawrence Hill Bks.

The Police's Regatta de Blanc https://play.spotify.com/album/5fMAuIxI96lqdSPqUGwlXd/6afnJOdBNiYoTbGP2fJJoS 11 "No Time This Time".





p. 166 erratic movement of body-and-voice

""Mercury, the Winged Messenger," from Holst's The Planets, ... is ... an excellent example of ... restlessness, how it tends to mimic the erratic movement of thought."

"the jazz-influenced Bobby McFerrin (b. 1950) ... brilliantly combines so many unheard-of ways of using his body and voice to produce music, especially in his earlier albums, such as The Voice [Elektra 60366] (1984)."


music by Bobby McFerrin https://play.spotify.com/artist/5F1lAXJ4ipXGe8AOmKYeCZ

pp. 166-7 inventiveness in variations on a theme

p. 166

"I call ... "invention" ... the high level of creativity ...

p. 167

and serious intellectual play that goes into the making of ... major forms of Western classical music ... like those of Bach to sets of variations on a theme, such as his Goldberg Variations ... . ...

Jazz composers or performers also ... base a song on variations ... on a well-known tune. For example, John Coltrane's "Summertime" [The Very Best of John Coltrane (Rhino 79778)] is based on a famous tune from the opera Porgy and Bess by George Gershwin (1897-1937)."

p. 168

""Uranus, the Magician," from Holst's The Planets, is an example of the invention ... music. ... For Holst, ... imaginative play, or invention, constitutes the magic that he's trying to illustrate in "Uranus." The composer, as the master of such play, is the magician of the movement's title."


pp. 172-4 visionary music

p. 172

"the visionary phase often attempts to illustrate ... mysticism, as in

the 1975 album Initiation [Rhino 70866] by Todd Rundgren (b. 1948), based on the teachings of ... esotericist Alice Bailey, and

Yes's 1974 release Tales from Topographic Oceans [Atlantic 82683], based on Paramahamsa Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi.

Some Beatles songs express the visionary qualities ..., such as "Magical Mystery Tour," "Across the Universe," and "Lucy in the Sky with

p. 173

Diamonds." The latter {last} is said to be

a portrayal in music of hallucinogenic drug experiences."

{If so, it may be helpful to listen to while under the influence of an entheogen.}

p. 174

""Purple Haze,"

{This is the name of a commercial variety of lysergic acid.}

by Jimi Hendrix, goes a step further -- both the lyrics and the music".

Tales from Topographic Oceans https://play.spotify.com/album/20O0lp5ibDI78hOaFHXzVN & https://play.spotify.com/album/4kn7nw5uHF6T9biAX5qcrW

The Beatles' "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" https://play.spotify.com/artist/71yeuSUspZJRwAKHlgB38Z

Hendrix's "Purple Haze" https://play.spotify.com/album/7rSZXXHHvIhF4yUFdaOCy9/0wJoRiX5K5BxlqZTolB2LD



Expanded Consciousness


p. 188 instances of sublimity

"In rock, an example of the ... sublime is "Kashmir," from Led Zeppelin's 1975 album Physical Graffiti [Swan Song 92442]."

"Another example of the ... sublime in rock occurs in "Emmeleia" from Dead Can Dance's 1993 album Into the Labyrinth [4AD 45384].

In the genre of New-Age music, Enya targets the sublime ... in "Cursum Perficio," the second track of Watermark."

Zeppelin's Physical Graffiti https://play.spotify.com/album/1lZahjeu4AhPkg9JARZr5F

Enya's Watermark https://play.spotify.com/album/2FZ2y8Z5sTRSnnSa8DIPHz/4jPfq0Nbmrx5AoRhc7K3sf 2 "Cursum Perficio"

p. 189 instances of transcendental longing

"A jazz example of transcendental longing appears in the Miles Davis instrumental "Portia" from his album Tutu." (The Essential Miles Davis (Columbia/Legacy 85475))

"Perhaps the most famous example of transcendental longing in rock is the Led Zeppelin song "Stairway to Heaven" from their 1971 album Led Zeppelin IV [Atlantic 82638]."

"Enya's song "Exile" from Watermark is also an example of transcendental longing, from the New-Age genre."

Davis's Tutu https://play.spotify.com/album/0toDuabaPv8Pa2KGI88eB7/74jEbB6r3UkKhjIOcJjkVN 3 "Portia".

Zeppelin's "Stairway to Heaven" https://play.spotify.com/album/4FC54cevXHYGY6uICHSF7g

p. 189 instances of mystical awe, in two movements of Holst's The Planets

""Saturn, the Bringer of Old Age" reflects ... moments of awe ... . ...

"Neptune, the Mystic," which rounds out The Planets, ... begins with muted mysical awe ..., and rises to a love-filled inner peace".



p. 191 instances of ecstasy

"In jazz, a secular example of ... ecstasy occurs in the Miles Davis number "Black Satin" from his 1972 album On the Corner. [The Essential Miles Davis (Columbia/Legacy 85475)] ...

A more ecstatic rock ... may be found in "Saldek" from Dead Can Dance's album Into the Labyrinth.

In New-Age music, the ecstasy ... appears in the Enya song "Storms in Africa," from Watermark."

Enya's Watermark https://play.spotify.com/album/2FZ2y8Z5sTRSnnSa8DIPHz/4jPfq0Nbmrx5AoRhc7K3sf 4 "Storms in Africa" & https://play.spotify.com/album/0Xj5N6X98DbfcEtumrtHsO

p. 192 whose "mortal terror"?

"Mozart's Requiem in D Minor, K. 626, which he was working on when he died as the age of thirty-six, is full of ... fear of God. I wonder whether Mozart wrote the Requiem

in mortal terror, not only of his impending death, but also of the possible fate of his soul in the Afterlife".

{More likely, he wrote it in horror at the fate of ordinary Christians (for, he himself, as a Freemason [cf. infra p. 269], was instead a Hermetic/Rosicrucian devotee of the alchemic/musical doctrines -- a very heathen-style metaphysics), of ordinary Christians' own prospective destiny of falling into perdition in the Afterlife.}

{Mozart would not have subscribed to the traditional Christian view of all instrumental music's being the work of the Devil; therefore, neither would he have admitted to the conventional Christian understanding of Purgatory and of Hell.}

p. 193 musical tours of expansive consciousness

"In the pop/rock genre, you could create a Led-Zeppelin-based tour : "Kashmir (... sublimity), "Stairway to Heaven" (... transcendental longing), and "Bron-Yr-Aur" (... praise of nature). ... .

... a New-Age tour ... could be created by playing the four songs by Enya in the following order : "Cursum Perficio" (... sublimity), "Exile" and "On Your Shore" (... transcendental longing), and "Storms in Africa" (... ecstasy)."


Kurt Leland : Music and the Soul : a Listener's Guide to Achieving Transcendent Musical Experiences. Hampton Rds Publ Co, Charlottesville (VA), 2004.